I'm posting this thread because at present it seems that CA lacks a definitive list of art terminology and I believe it could do a lot of less experienced young artists a lot of good to be able to have a quick reference to look back to when they are given advice and critiques as relating to their artwork, but just aren't familiar yet with the associated jargon. Each separate post will be a different letter in the alphabet, just for easy reference. This is the first post, so all terms will be under the letter A, the 10th post will contain terms under the letter J, and so on like that. Easy huh?
I don't have time to list all letters in one go, so I'll be doing a little now and a little later and I am pulling these terms from different locations so that people who are confused about discrepancies in meanings can cross reference them for better understanding. The two websites I'm primarily pulling from are
Rex Art was kind enough to supply their entire list of art terminology.
And Arlex Technologies is allowing use of terms from their Glossary of Fine Art Terms
Currently a glossary of art terminology does exist on this site, but to me it doesn't seem completely relevant as a quick reference to modern art jargon because as the thread title suggests it is more a study of the history of the terms, and is by no means complete ALTHOUGH it is a great read for learning a little about art history and I suggest you read it if you are serious about becoming familiar with the meanings of some of the terms used in art today. That thread can be found here and if you are interested in helping make that list more comprehensive this website is a good place to find histories of words in the English language
With the links posted I'm satisfied for the moment. I have contacted site administration at both websites and after receiving their permission to post the information listed on their websites here I will go through and begin making a comprehensive list of terms for reference.
Edit: I have obtained permission from both websites to use their definitions here for quick reference. Big thanks to them. Thanks to their cooperation I can now begin populating this thread with the necessary information. Again, this list is not complete, and when I have time I will be sorting through other sources to try to build a more complete list, but I encourage all users who have information they would like added to this thread to contact me via P.M. with the definition and if you found the definition online, the source of the definition and I'll be glad to add it to the list to help make it more complete.
A chalk ground which absorbs oil and is used in oil painting to achieve a matt effect and to speed up drying.
A water dispersion of polymers or co-polymers of acrylic acid, methacrylic acid, or acrylonitrile. Acrylic emulsions dry by evaporation of the water and film coalescence.
A solution of acrylic resin in a volatile solvent. Paints made with an acrylic solution binder resemble oil paints more than those made with acrylic emulsion binders.
color that results from the mixture of two or more colored lights, the visual blending of separate spots of transmitted colored light.
Synthetic resin used in paints and mediums. As a medium Liquin from Winsor and Newton works as a binder that encapsulates the pigment and speeds the drying time. In Paints W&N Griffith paints are good example of alkyd paints.
Technique in which the final surface of a painting is completed in one sitting, without under painting. Italian for "at the first".
Free from water.
Refers to materials that meet certain criteria for permanence such as lignin-free, pH neutral, alkaline-buffered, stable in light, etc.
The American Society for Testing and Materials. An independent standard for certain paint qualities, adopted by most manufacturers.