# Thread: Anatomy of line + Force + Basic Shape + Basic Form

1. Registered User Level 3 Gladiator: Catervarii
Join Date
Jan 2009
Location
Ukraine
Posts
115

## Anatomy of line + Force + Basic Shape + Basic Form

Hello!
Recently I made small tutorial on lines and curves, that helps to see and understand them

Anatomy-of-Line

Update:
+
Force
+
Basic Shape
+
Basic Form

Hope you like it.
____________________________

Anatomy of line

Ever wondered how experienced artists draw pretty good pictures with only few line strokes . This tutorial can help you gain line economy which you see in their drawings.

To understand the principles of line drawing you need to know the anatomy of line, or how many strokes are in each line you draw.

This is the basic line

The next step is S-curve, which consists of 2 basic lines

So the basic line is curve which goes clockwise or counterclockwise only, and the place it changes direction is where new basic line starts.

The exercise to understand it is drawing "eights" - blob things created with basic lines, with direction change at intersection first, then more complex with direction change shifts.

be creative

Last edited by c0ffee; March 12th, 2010 at 03:26 PM.

2. Thank you sooo much !!

3. Registered User Level 1 Gladiator: Andabatae
Join Date
Mar 2010
Posts
23
Thank you this information is great.

4. Could you post the pictures and text actually in the thread? Linking to outside websites is easier sometimes, but sometimes that limits who among the members here can see it. The links that you have lead to websites that are blocked where I live, for example.

5. Registered User Level 1 Gladiator: Andabatae
Join Date
Mar 2010
Posts
23
I seriuosly dont understand the Force subject, i have been trying to get my head around it for ages.

6. Registered User Level 3 Gladiator: Catervarii
Join Date
Jan 2009
Location
Ukraine
Posts
115
Force

Everything in nature is affected by force. All forces are balanced.
To move human shifts his body's weight balance to the side, then to stand he places his weight balance into usual position.

Dynamics in space are presented by force vectors

Clear understanding of force principles lets artist to indicate any subtle changes of direction, size and dynamics in line,shape and form, and their relationship to each other.

In line force is presented by basic line, which is force vector. One line per energy or idea.
Directional force(DF) is created by applied force. And DF becomes applied for the force it affects.

In shapes force is presented by basic force shape(or basic shape BS). One shape per energy or idea.

In form force is presented by basic force form (or basic form BF). One form per energy or idea.

Basic shape and basic form are models of force vector in 2d and 3d space, that shows direction size change from small to big or vice versa.

Force principles are greatly described and illustrated in Mike's D. Mattesi books
"Force:The Key to Capturing Life Through Drawing",
"Force: Character Design from Life Drawing"
and at his site at http://www.drawingforce.com/

Preston Blair in his book "Advanced Animation" talked about force as of the line of action

7. Registered User Level 3 Gladiator: Catervarii
Join Date
Jan 2009
Location
Ukraine
Posts
115
Basic Shape

2d space in picture is divided by shapes. How well artist can transfer ideas through shapes is based on his understanding of basic shapes and principles to apply them on paper.

Basic shape is representation of a force vector as 2d shape.

This is a basic shape(BS)

So basic shape is bended tapered rectangle with directional force, which goes by its bended sides in direction from small to big or vise versa.
Most tapered rectangles may look as a triangle but keep in mind that there are two points close together.
Basic shape's edges are basic lines only.
Basic shape is a force shape.

C-shape, S- shape, symmetrical shape with two BSs in it.

You are not supposed to keep in mind every single shape on the picture. But ability to recognize shapes in design or a drawing can be crucial.

Loosen it up and have fun

8. Registered User Level 3 Gladiator: Catervarii
Join Date
Jan 2009
Location
Ukraine
Posts
115
Basic Form

All objects are composed by forms.

Basic form is representation of force vector as 3d form.

This is the basic form(BF)

CE- center edge

So the basic form is bended and tapered parallelepiped, that consists of center edge with force vector and other 3 edges that go by it, in direction from small to big or vice versa.
The tapered part of basic form may look as pyramid but keep in mind that there are 4 points close together.
Basic form consists of basic shapes only.
Basic form is a force form.

When force vector doesn't change his direction into depth, it remains as 2d basic shape. And exists in 3d as extruded shape form (ESF).

Basic form together with extruded shape form are the basis for more complex forms.

9. Registered User Level 1 Gladiator: Andabatae
Join Date
Mar 2010
Posts
23
Is this force concept the same thing as rythm? Im trying to get my head around fore and rythm and its doing my head in.

10. Registered User Level 3 Gladiator: Catervarii
Join Date
Jan 2009
Location
Ukraine
Posts
115
Originally Posted by mittin
I seriuosly dont understand the Force subject, i have been trying to get my head around it for ages.
May be you need to approach it from different angle.

Some may study for years practicing academical drawing and make dozens of copies, but then see something simple, that flicks their mind into understanding it.
Watch animation, study lifedrawing, gesture, stuff that you like.

Force or dynamics is not the only name for it. Some artists use them different way, sometimes automatically and doing it great.

For example if you create a fighting character, you might want to think of his hands as of dynamics from big to small, or small to big that would make him punch or pinch, or make some adjustments to crush and hammer, or shoot flak to everything.

Update: Force is a part of rhythm ) keep going
Last edited by c0ffee; March 20th, 2010 at 08:14 AM. Reason: can't find strikethrough BBCode

11. Registered User Level 1 Gladiator: Andabatae
Join Date
Mar 2010
Posts
23
ah ok, thanks for the help, much appreciated , new to this all, so please mind my stupid questions.

12. Registered User Level 1 Gladiator: Andabatae
Join Date
Nov 2009
Location
San Franciso Area
Posts
15
Force is not the same as rhythm. Rhythm is TWO forces and the relationship created between the two of them.

13. Registered User Level 3 Gladiator: Catervarii
Join Date
Jan 2009
Location
Ukraine
Posts
115
Originally Posted by Michael Mattesi
Force is not the same as rhythm. Rhythm is TWO forces and the relationship created between the two of them.
Yes, very true.
Really nice to hear core knowledge from great author like you, thanks much.
Last edited by c0ffee; March 26th, 2010 at 11:07 AM.

14. Registered User Level 1 Gladiator: Andabatae
Join Date
Nov 2009
Location
San Franciso Area
Posts
15
no prob coffee and thanks for sharing the word on your blog!
Last edited by Michael Mattesi; April 7th, 2010 at 12:49 AM.