Ok here goes, I know a lot of people are unsure about to go about copyrights, I got some basic informations, if you have more, please post them here, preferably with the sources, so we can have easy access.
I am making my first posts mostly in a north american perspective but these basic infos can apply in many countries because Copyrights and IP issues are subject to many international treaties.
Copyrights in Canada
Strategis copyright guide
Canadian copyrights Database
The Copyright Office is part of the Canadian Intellectual Property Office (CIPO), an agency of Industry Canada. In addition to copyrights, CIPO is responsible for the granting and registration of other forms of intellectual property. These are:
patents — cover new inventions (process, machine, manufacture, composition of matter), or any new and useful improvement of an existing invention;
industrial designs — the visual features of shape, configuration, pattern or ornament (or any combination of these features), applied to a finished article of manufacture;
trade-marks — are words, symbols, designs (or a combination of these), used to distinguish the goods and services of one person or organization from those of others in the marketplace; and
integrated circuit topographies — are the three-dimensional configurations of electronic circuits embodied in integrated circuit products or layout designs.
What is a copyright?
n the simplest terms, "copyright" means "the right to copy." Only the owner of copyright, very often the creator of the work, is allowed to produce or reproduce the work in question or to permit anyone else to do so. Suppose, for example, that you have written a novel. Copyright law rewards and protects your creative endeavour by giving you the sole right to publish or use your work in any number of ways. You may also choose not to publish your work and to prevent anyone else from doing so.
What is covered by copyright?
Copyright applies to all original literary, dramatic, musical and artistic works. Each of these general categories covers a wide range of creations. Here are just a few examples:
literary works: books, pamphlets, poems and other works consisting of text and computer programs;
dramatic works: films, videos, plays, screenplays and scripts;
musical works: compositions that consist of both words and music or music only (note that lyrics without music fall into the literary works category); and
artistic works: paintings, drawings, maps, photographs, sculptures and architectural works.
The word "original" is key in defining a work that qualifies for copyright protection. Naturally, you cannot obtain a copyright for someone else's creation. Originality can be tricky to determine, however, and many court cases revolve around the question of whether a work has been copied, even in part, from somebody else's work.
Copyright also applies to three other kinds of subject matter in addition to the works listed above:
performer's performance: performers such as actors, musicians, dancers and singers have copyrights in their performances;
communication signals: broadcasters have copyrights in the communications' signals that are broadcast;
sound recordings: makers of recordings, such as records, cassettes, and compact discs, which are called "sound recordings" in the Copyright Act, are also protected by copyright.
Keep in mind that there is a separate copyright for musical work, for example, a song, and for the device, such as a cassette, that contains the song. Separate protection exists because the song and the sound recording are considered two different works.