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  1. #1
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    Ignazio Del Mar - Composition 1.1

    Hi there!

    I'm happy to begin with my first assignement. At first I felt a bit uncomfortable seeing all the great works in here, I think they are all way above my level. However, I'll give it a try.

    My first study relates to the work of the german painter Carl Blechen: Grotto in the parque of Villa d'Este.

    Name:  blechen Grotte.jpg
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    I chose it as i thought it would not be to complex for a start. But working on it I got more and more impressed of it. There was much to dirscover. How tricky he balanced the weight of the two monks with the dark shadows on the left side of the Grotto. I enjoyed how he guided the viewers eye with the crisp shadows of the stony structures, as well as i was impressed by the many varyiations in the caves outer edge contrasting to the mostly undefined background.

    Now I'm looking forward to your critiques!


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  3. #2
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    Here goes #2: Birth of Venus

    The amazingly detailed Masterpiece by Alexandre Cabanel has a strong rythm and plays with repetition and variation. Look how the flock of angels make up an almost symetrical counterweight to the lying Venus.

    Name:  alexandre cabanel - birth of venus.jpg
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    The study took me about 70 minutes.

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    Next one: Japanese Woman by Bertalan Szekely

    Name:  japanese-woman-1903.jpg
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    I love the way he has arranged this piece. The playing with strong lines visible throughout the picture. Finally I discovered that he balanced her body with the lighter drapery at her legs.

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    I like this practise.

    I just finished number 4: The study of Monica in Oil by Fabian Perez.

    Name:  fabian perez 3.jpg
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    I am deeply impressed by his focussing on the emotive side of the portrait by light. The work appears almost photorealistic although he uses realtively rough strokes. Note how he reduces the amount of detail in the areas out of foucs to the absolute minimum.

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    Here goes my No. 5:
    Salvador Dali: dream caused by the flight of a bee around a pomegranate a second before awakening

    Name:  Salvador-Dali_Traum.jpg
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    Dali was the artist which really caught me when I was a boy of about 12 or 13 years. And he should accompany me for many years. I read a lot of stuff he wrote, and I am still deeply impressed.

    The study turned out to get really painfull for me, as I underestimated the amount of concentration it would take me to stick to it. Now I am simply happy that its finished. Usually I work on the whole picture at once, but this time I felt more comfortable with creating the pictorial elements as they appear in the cosmos of the image. It really felt like one was born from the element behind it until the last dark shade, the bayonet, touches Gala, Dali's Venus. Somehow I sense 2 triangular shapes of almost equal size in the work: the dark horizontal - with the pomegranate at its tip an the cliff as the root - versus the light triangular with the elephants obelisk at its tip and the plane beneath Gala as its root. and both shapes have an opposite colored circular form at the almost same position: The white circular form right of the elephants leg versus the dark little pomegrante with the bee at the lower part of the imagine. Impressive.

    By the way: It took about 2.5 hours.

    Note the pretty simple, almost geometric background while there is a vast of detail to observe in the well composed elements.

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    Good work! I really like your last Dali, as well as your study of the Birth of Venus. My only critique would be, don't be afraid to use darker values for your darkest darks. All of your paintings tend to be lower contrast than the originals.

    Keep it up!

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  9. #7
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    @caitlyn: Thanks a lot. You are absolutely right, i'll try to work on my contrasts.

    Today I studied de la Roche: Lady Jane Grey

    Name:  DelarocheLadyJaneGrey.jpg
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    What an impressive work of him. I did not observe its emotional impact before I did study it. And it leaves so many questions to the viewer. I love how it emphasis in different levels.

    It tried to work on my contrasts as well as i tried to speed up working, thus this one might appear more rough. I hope its still detailed enough!

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    This time I have chosen Gerhard Richter: The Reader

    Name:  7 richter.jpg
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    Everytime I see his portraits, I am astonished by the life - likeness he achieves with a very economic use of details. His rendering of the values is outstanding.

    I still trie to push my contrast working a bit further.

    75 minutes.

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    Just a quick study this time: Caspar David Friedrich: Sea of Ice

    Name:  8 Caspar_David_Friedrich_006eismeer.jpg
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    I love its strong rythm and how he brakes the hard edges with softer snow structures. It is full of variations of the different stone and ice types, which makes it look even more impressive. The shipwreck on the right pops out even more as its outline is the only unique part of the piece.The distant mountain in the upper left is an almost exact duplication of the structure in the focus, by this repetition the eye is guided into the depth of the picture. The original work is amazingly detailed.

    30 minutes.

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    O.k., next one done:

    Vuelo de Brujas (Witches Flight) by Francisco Goya

    Name:  9 Witches_Flight_Goya.jpg
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    I like the atmosphere of the piece. Its darkness and the way the scared guy in the centre is emphasized to explain the scene above: 3 witches which caught a guy, maybe sucking his blood, or whatever. Without the guys on the floor it would be hard to read the work. The donkey finally appears to be a symbol for something I don't actually understand. The people of Goya's time might have understood. I should consult wikipedia on it.

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    Half way thorugh now.

    This time I rethought my techinque. It finally brought me to a point where structuring and planning of the painting gets more easy.

    Name:  Hendrick_ter_Brugghen_-_The_Merry_Drinker-s.jpg
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    This time its Hendrick ter Brugghen: The Merry Drinker.

    I love its rythm and flow. Its amazingly detailed in the areas hit by the light, in the rest of the piece ter Brugghen used detail very economically.

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    Next one: eugen de Blaas: The Flirtation

    Name:  11-Eugen_de_Blaas_The_Flirtation.jpg
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    I really like the lighting of the piece.It looks so natural. The repetition lies int the rythm: The heads, the shoulders, the hands, the feet... they all form almost identical curves pinting to the upper right of the image.

    45 min.

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    On we go:

    Herbert James Draper: Lament for Icarus

    Name:  12 lament_for_icarus-large.jpg
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    I like the way the dead Icarus is emphasised by the strong contrast of the light nymphs and feathers surrounding him. The almost rectandular angle of the dark wings supports that, while the landscape in the background balances the main scene.

    About 90 minutes.

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    My next study is again a piece of Fabian Perez: Man with Guitar

    Name:  13 fabian perez.jpg
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    It's great to see how he concentrates on the ares touched by the light, leaving the rest of the canvas black.

    I used a pretty rough brush to catch a bit of the appearance of the original.

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    My next study shows Jan Vermeer: Christ in the House of Martha and Mary


    Name:  14  Vermeer Christ_in_the_House_of_Martha_and_Mary_.jpg
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    It was a bunch of work to paint it... especially as drapery is something I really struggle with.

    When I first saw the piece, I immediately assumed that the guy was Jesus. I wondered why I associated it with him, although the scene is not a typical one at the first sight. Maybe it was the pose? By studying it I observed a discrete corona of light behind his head, which I never have paid attention to before.

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    Gaetano Gandolfi: Retrato de mujer joven

    Name:  15 Gaetano.jpg
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    I like the soft blending of the piece (which I obviously failed to reproduce in the study). The lighting and the economic use of detail in the shadows gives it a very nice appearance.

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    The next one is Bouguereau: The Abduction of Psyche.

    Name:  16 Bouguereau.jpg
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    What an inspiring piece of Art! I am stonished by the way he variates the materials (feathers, cloths, skin, hair etx.)

    It took 2 hours to get to this point.

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    Ok great to see where you are at. When you are first getting started it is very important to really focus in on the mapping out of your shapes as accurately as you can possibly get them. If you put a shape in the wrong place and commit you end up having the other shapes off and require fixing, which increases painting time. By taking just a few extra minutes early on to measure out your shapes, to compare your shapes, and be sure they are placed and drawn accurately will make the rest of the painting process, working out your values and edges, much much easier.

    You should flip the images horizontally and vertically so that you see the shapes with fresh eyes. This should be part of the process and if you are already doing that, keep doing it more. The professional artists will often flip images or use a mirror to see with fresh eyes as many as three or four times a minute as they are working when things really get flowing. You can also back away...actually get up and back away...and doing this works for shapes as well as checking values and edges.

    Keep up the good work.


    jm

  21. #19
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    Thanks for your advice, Jason.

    In the following study I tried to focus on the shapes. The flipping of the image really helped me a lot.

    This time I have chosen Hippolyte Delaroche: Heroidas

    Name:  17 delaroche.jpg
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    I like how he varies cloths and the drapery in this piece.

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    Gaetano Gandolfi: Head of a Bishop

    Name:  18 Gandolfi.jpg
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    I like how he emphasized the bishop's face by reducing the amount of detail outside the focus to the minimum.

    2 hours spent.

  23. #21
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    These are stellar and you are absolutely on the right track. My only comment would be to use textured brushes to pick up some of the surface quality of the thicker areas of the paint when surface is so obvious. That will bring these to the next level and help with atmosphere and capturing the essence of the work. A bit more analysis of the compositions would be great to see too.

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    Thanks for your highly motivational comment, Jason. I'll try to work on that - I have to admit that my photoshop skills are not the best, especially regarding the use of brushes.

    My next study relates to Anders Zorn and his painting "an Algerian man and boy looking across the bay of Algiers".

    Name:  19 Anders Zorn.jpg
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    At the first sight I thought this one would not be to difficult to study. It looked pretty easy and I thought it would be a welcome contrast to the old masters I studied before. Finally it took more effort than I expected to render the image. I found it quite difficult to render the light forms. However I enjoyed it a lot to paint it.

    Coming to analysing the picture the focal point is quite obvious. The face and hands are the darkest areas of the painting. Interesting how the two shapes balance each other. Then I observed that Zorn uses triangular forms again and again. I tried to show some of them in the sketch on the lower left (A) - they are highly variable relating to their content however some of them are balancing each others, too. Second I observed that the more detailed area, which means the persons and their drapery on the left, is balanced by an almost undefined area of nearly the same size, rotated by 180 degrees, on the right.

    (B) Finally I noticed that the lighter areas of the painting are almost equal the darker areas in size. Rhythmical bows guide the watchers eye, while the diagonals and the orthogonal lines of the wall emphasize the perspective depth of the work.

    Name:  19 analysis.jpg
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    great job on your analysis and with the shapes. double check your dark darks as they seem stronger. Be sure your values are spot on!!

    You are totally getting this so just keep pushing. I look forward to more updates.


    jm

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    Thanks Black Spot. I highly appreciate you pulled me back into the assignement.

    Today I finished my last study! Hooray! It was a great exercise.

    Name:  20 Delacrois jeune.jpg
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    It's Delacroix with his orphan girl at the cemetery.
    I love the intensity of the piece.It has a strong emotional impact on me.
    I observed that Delacroix used many different textures to render hi work, which gives a lot of life to the image. He used Highlights very economically on her face, to show her sadness, and on her shirt which makes the focal area almost pop out of the painting. I see some sort of zig zag composition to aerate the more static appearance of the pyramidal setup.

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    I think you should revisit the angle of her profile, please check the negative shapes. When you're studying composition, it's the little things that can make a huge difference, like the lightness of her top.

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    Good points, thanks for the advise Black Spot. I tend to move on too fast with the works. I should be more accurate.

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  30. #28
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    As 1.2 needs to be very accurate, you need to ask yourself if you are ready to move on, or do a few more here. The decision is yours.

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    Thanks for your comment, I think I understand where you are pointing to. I think I'd like to move on to 1.2 for now, nevertheless I'll try to follow the master study of the day whenever I can.

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