here are my first composition-studies. Iīve mainly choosen pieces done by Hudson-River-School painters because I simply admire them.
1. In my opinion, this is quite an unusual composition for a landscape. The first principle that came to my mind, was that of continuity or movement. Itīs almost like you get sucked into the tunnel that is formed by the clouds and mountains. Also the groups of trees are important rythmic elements which also help showing size-relationships.
2. Also painted by albert bierstadt. While looking at both of these paintings I think that he used quite a lot of contrast and still gets an incredible amount of depth. Hope this makes sense, but I still struggle with the english language. I mean, normally itīs like, the darkest tones belong to the foreground, then some lighter tones for the middleground a.s.o. but with those two paintings itīs nicely mixed up and still reads well. Again, the rythmic principle is visible through the trees and clouds and also the stones in the foreground. Variety is mainly given through soft clouds and hard rocks, those two seem to compete against each other.
3. This painting is by Frederic Edwin Church, another painter of the Hudson-River-School. This is a good example for what Iīve meant with the receding planes getting ligther and lighter. In this piece the clouds almost seem like another instance of the mountains regarding their shape and placement. There is repetition in shapes mainly in the trees and rock-formations. Itīs interessting how the eye travels between hut, middleground mountain and the man standing in the boat. I think that Iīve heard this somewhere before, that especially landscape painters used this circular movement to keep the viewers eye in the painting.
Okay, thatīs it for now. Will upload again soon...