ie directional flows of money. one does not own money 'for its own sake' one owns it in the hope that its value as debt or assetswill increase and one will make a profit. modern banking is the manipulation of debt. the practice of applying monetary value to objects is called the market. we're drifting.
"Tech doesn't matter, neither does how many people there are or what century we are in."
you say that like a fact. its not a fact. there are 100 times as many people in america now, 100 times. and in their hands can be devices which can kill hundreds in minutes. there are now polie helicopters. tech does matter. you know it.
" The copper on the US penny costs more than the penny is worth."
any kid who likes science knows pennies made since the early 80s contain mostly nickle, and in the uk iron (and are ferromagnetic). never the less, if pennies were made from copper, which they arnt, but if they were,,,
copper at current prices is $7000 per tonne. thats $7 per kilo, or $.007 per gram. a penny, made pre 1980-odd weighs about 3 grams. sooo, if you made a pre1980s penny for some reason, 3.1g x $0.007 = $.0217. quite the bargain, BUT
after 1982, cheaper filler materials were used (97% nickle) and the weight was trimmed to 2.5 grams, so modern ones are not worth pure copper prices for scrap.
myth, sort of busted.